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ACROMANTULA
八眼巨蛛

M.O.M. Classification: XXXXX
魔法部分级:XXXXX

The Acromantula is a monstrous eight-eyed spider capable of human speech. It originated in Borneo, where it inhabits dense jungle. Its distinctive features include the thick black hair that covers its body; its legspan, which may reach up to fifteen feet; its pincers, which produce a distinctive clicking sound when the Acromantula is excited or angry; and a poisonous secretion. The Acromantula is carnivorous and prefers large prey. It spins dome-shaped webs upon the ground. The female is bigger than the male and may lay up to one hundred eggs at a time. Soft and white, these are as large as beach balls. The young hatch in six to eight weeks. Acromantula eggs are defined as Class A Non-Tradeable Goods by the Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures, meaning that severe penalties are attached to their importation or sale.
八眼巨蛛体型巨大,有八眼,擅人语。八眼巨蛛原产于婆罗洲的深山老林里。其特征非常明显:覆盖全身的浓密黑毛、足展长度达十五英尺、激动或气愤时其螯会发出独有的咔哒声、有毒分泌物。八眼巨蛛是肉食性动物且喜欢体型较大的猎物,会在地上编织穹形蛛网。雌蛛体型较雄蛛大,每次产卵可达一百枚之多。蛛卵质软、色白,和沙滩球一样大,大约六到八周后便会孵化出幼蛛。神奇动物管理控制司明确规定:八眼巨蛛蛛卵为一级禁售品。任何进口或出售八眼巨蛛蛛卵的行为会受到严厉惩处。

This beast is believed to be wizard-bred, possibly intended to guard wizard dwellings or treasure, as is often the case with magically created monsters.1 Despite its mear-human intelligence, the Acromantula is untrainable and highly dangerous to wizard and Muggle alike.
大家都认为八眼巨蛛是巫师培育而生的,本意可能是让其护卫巫师的居所和财产。因为通常来说,其他魔法培育出来的动物也是为此目的而生。1 虽然八眼巨蛛的智商与人类相近,但它无法驯化,故对巫师和麻瓜非常危险。

Rumors that a colony of Acromantula has been established in Scotland are unconfirmed.
有传言称苏格兰已有一片八眼巨蛛栖息地,不过此传言未得到证实。

ASHWINDER
火灰蛇

M.O.M. Classification: XXX
魔法部分级:XXX

The Ashwinder is created when a magical fire2 is allowed to burn unchecked for too long. A thin, pale-grey serpent with glowing red eyes, it will rise from the embers of an unsupervised fire and slither away into the shadows of the dwelling in which it finds itself, leaving an ashy trail behind it.
任由一堆魔火2燃烧太久便会造就火灰蛇。火灰蛇身子细瘦、灰白,双眼红光闪烁。它会从没人看管的灰烬中钻出来,蜿蜒爬行到住所阴暗处,身后留下一道灰迹。

The Ashwinder lives for only an hour and during that time seeks a dark and secluded spot in which to lay its eggs, after which it will collapse into dust. Ashwinder eggs are brilliant red and give off intense heat. They will ignite the dwelling within minutes if not found and frozen with a suitable charm. Any wizard realising that one or more Ashwinders are loose in the house must trace them immediately and locate the nest of eggs. Once frozen, these eggs are of great value for use in Love Potions and may be eaten whole as a cure for ague.
火灰蛇寿命只有一小时,在这一小时里,它得找个阴暗隐蔽的地方产卵,产完卵的火灰蛇就会化为尘土。蛇卵是耀眼的红色,散发出高温。要是找不到蛇卵和没法儿用合适的咒语把它们冻住,短短几分钟内蛇卵就可以引起住所火灾。巫师只要发现家里有火灰蛇(不管有几条),就得马上循迹追踪,直至找到蛇卵。蛇卵被冻住之后功效可大了,能当爱情魔药的配料,也能拿来整颗吞下治疗疟疾。

Ashwinders are found worldwide.
世界各地都能找到火灰蛇踪影。

AUGUREY
讣鸟

(also known as Irish Phoenix)
(又名爱尔兰凤凰)

M.O.M. Classification: XX
魔法部分级:XX

The Augurey is a native of Britain and Ireland, though sometimes found elsewhere in northern Europe. A thin and mournful-looking bird, somewhat like a small and underfed vulture in appearance, the Augurey is greenish black. It is intensely shy, nests in bramble and thorn, eats large insects and fairies, flies only in heavy rain and otherwise remains hidden in its tear-shaped nest.
讣鸟原产于大不列颠和爱尔兰,不过有时候在北欧也能找到。讣鸟体型瘦小、神情悲戚、毛色黑中泛绿,看着就像是营养不良的小秃鹫。讣鸟生性尤为腼腆,他们在荆棘中筑巢,吃的是大型昆虫和小精灵。平时他们就躲在泪滴状的巢里,只有在下暴雨时才飞出巢外。

The Augurey has a distinctive low and throbbing cry, which was once believed to foretell death. Wizards avoided Augurey nests for fear of hearing that heart-rending sound, and more than one wizard is believed to have suffered a heart attach on passing a thicket and hearing an unseen Augurey wail.3 Patient research eventually revealed, however, that the Augurey merely sings at the approach of rain.4 The Augurey has since enjoyed a vogue as a home weather forecaster, though many find its almost continual moaning during the winter months difficult to bear. Augurey feathers are useless as quills because they repel ink.
讣鸟的叫声很有辨识度,声音低沉,带着颤抖的哭腔,所以以前大家都觉得这是死亡的预兆。巫师害怕听到这么让人痛心的声音,所以见着讣鸟巢都绕路走。而且据说不止一个巫师在经过灌木丛时,虽然没见着讣鸟,但听到了哀鸣都犯了心脏病。3经过耐心的研究,最终结果显示讣鸟只有在暴雨倾盆前才会鸣叫。4自此,讣鸟就成了家庭天气预报员,可谓是红遍大江南北;不过,很多人发现冬天一到,讣鸟的叫声基本上没停下来过,一连数月实在是没法忍受。讣鸟的羽毛吸不了墨水,不能用来制作羽毛笔。


1 Beasts capable of human speech are rarely self-taught; an exception is the Jarvey. The Ban on Experimental Breeding did not come into effect until this century, long after the first recorded sighting of an Acromantula in 1794.
1 很少有神奇动物生来就能说人话,但土扒貂除外。《有关禁止试验性培育的禁令》在本世纪生效,而据此很久之前,在1794年就有了对八眼巨蛛的首次目击记录。

2 Any fire to which a magical substance such as Floo powder has been added.
2 加了魔法材料的火焰,比如飞路粉。

3 Uric the Oddball is known to have slept in a room containing no fewer than fifty pet Augureys. During one particularly wet winter, Uric become convinced by the moaning of his Augureys that he had died and was now a ghost. His subsequent attempts to walk through the walls of his house resulted in what his biographer Radolphus Pittiman describes as a ‘concussion of ten days’ duration’.
3 怪人尤里克因为睡在一间内有不下五十只宠物讣鸟的房间内而出大名。有一年的冬天特别潮湿,尤里克听着讣鸟的哀鸣,觉得自己已经死了,变成了鬼。然后他就试着穿墙,结果脑震荡了足足十天。这件逸闻被收录在拉多尔夫·皮特曼写的传记《怪胎尤里克》中。

4 See Why I Didn’t Die When the Augurey Cried by Gulliver Pokeby (Little Red Books, 1824).
4 见格里佛·波凯比所著《讣鸟叫,死不掉》(小红书出版社,1824年版)

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